DoorDash Inc. has started selling restaurant ads that appear atop the search results in its app, as companies in the largely money-losing food-delivery industry dive deeper into advertising to boost revenue.
The company already let marketers pay to run ads offering free delivery or discounts, as well as banner ads, but hadn’t offered ads above its search results before it began testing the tool earlier this year.
DoorDash has also built an ad platform that lets restaurants purchase the placements via a bidding system without the help of an ad-sales person. The restaurants pay for sponsored listings only if users click through the ads and make orders. The self-serve system is designed to help local restaurants boost their brands, DoorDash said.
“Any mom-and-pop shop can go in, set a budget, and we only collect dollars if they get a transaction,” said Toby Espinosa, vice president for DoorDash Ads. Buyers can choose to direct their sponsored listings to new customers, existing customers or all customers, but DoorDash hopes to expand targeting categories to include other groups of users, such as frequent burger buyers.
In addition to the new services for restaurants, DoorDash is launching “featured listings” for consumer packaged goods brands to boost their placement within the convenience and grocery categories.
The move comes as an increasing number of consumer-facing businesses, including Walmart Inc. and CVS Health Corp. , have been offering advertisers more ways to reach consumers using retailer data.
DoorDash, founded eight years ago, generated a profit in the second quarter of 2020 as demand for home delivery surged early in the Covid-19 pandemic, according to paperwork filed for its initial public offering last year, but it has never turned an annual profit. It reported a net loss of $102 million in the three months ending June 30. The company says it has more than 450,000 merchants selling via its platform.
But DoorDash is wary of turning off consumers in the competitive food-delivery business by shoveling too many ads into its app. For restaurants, it will display only one sponsored listing on top of search results or in cuisine-specific sections of the app. For other areas, like the grocery, convenience, pet or alcohol categories, it will allow two ads.
“We cannot mess with the consumer experience. You will never see us going way overboard,” Mr. Espinosa said. “We have built an ad platform that’s trying to align incentives between the advertiser, the consumer and DoorDash.”
DoorDash declined to disclose how much of its revenue comes from ad sales or how much revenue it hopes to generate from the new ad products. The company said its goal for its advertising services is to boost its merchants’ success, not just its own profitability. “We feel this aligns us with our merchant partners, which creates the best long-term outcome for everyone,” a DoorDash spokeswoman said.
DoorDash holds more than half of U.S. market share for delivery apps, ahead of competitors including Grubhub Inc. and Uber Technologies Inc.’s Uber Eats and Postmates, according to Bloomberg Second Measure, a consumer data analytics company.
But each company is increasingly vying not only for consumers but advertisers.
Uber, which has a growing ads business, last year introduced sponsored listings in its Uber Eats app in the U.S. with a pay-per-click model that charges merchants each time a consumer clicks on the ad, even if they don’t make a purchase. Grubhub runs a marketplace that lets restaurants secure better placement in search results and provides other marketing help on a commission-based system. That company’s chief executive said earlier this year that advertising is the key to the company’s future profitability.
Nicole Milnthorpe, chief financial officer at Florida-based casual dining chain Smokey Bones, said her company works with many of the outside delivery companies but its primary partners are Uber Eats and DoorDash. With 60 full-service Smokey Bones restaurants in the U.S., two ghost kitchens and two delivery-only chains, she said different types of advertising tools give the chains flexibility.
“Different markets respond differently to different types of marketing,” Ms. Milnthorpe said.
Smokey Bones ran an ad test on the key term “barbecue” in DoorDash’s search results and in the app’s barbecue category, and saw a more than 30% increase in deliveries from the group of consumers that saw the ads, according to Ms. Milnthorpe and DoorDash.
“A lot of what we’ve seen from other partners or just other advertising metrics are based on impressions, and it is very hard to equate an impression over to an actual order,” she said. “A pay-for-acquisition is a very, very clear metric.”
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