Jeff Bezos’ Blue Origin Pursues Private Space Station

Jeff Bezos ’ space company said it would help to build a new space station, part of a growing bet by entrepreneurs and companies that many future orbital facilities will be privately owned and operated.

Blue Origin LLC said Monday it is working with a unit of Sierra Nevada Corp., Boeing Co. BA -0.05% and others to create a station that is meant to become operational in its initial form in the latter half of this decade. The planned facility, called Orbital Reef, will aim to generate revenue from government agencies and private-sector customers including entertainment companies and manufacturers, executives said during a briefing.

The venture including Blue Origin isn’t the only one aiming to run a facility in space. Last week, the space company Nanoracks said it was working with Voyager Space, its majority owner, and Lockheed Martin Corp. LMT 0.46% to develop a station called Starlab. Axiom Space Inc. is also working on its own facility.

The push by companies to create their own facilities comes as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration prepares to wind down the International Space Station. The facility costs NASA up to $4 billion annually and will be structurally sound until 2028, though it can be used beyond that year, officials from the agency have said.

An artist’s impression of the Nanoracks commercial space station, Starlab.

Photo: Nanoracks/Voyager Space/Lockheed Martin/Cover Images/Zuma Press

Earlier this year, NASA said it planned to award up to four contracts of at least $300 million each to support different concepts for commercially owned destinations in orbit. In a contracting document tied to that effort, NASA said it envisioned a future where the agency was one customer among many at privately held stations. A spokeswoman said the agency has received roughly a dozen proposals for station concepts.

Blue Origin’s space station venture has submitted a proposal for that opportunity, but plans to go forward with its facility regardless of what NASA decides, said Brent Sherwood, the company’s senior vice president of advanced development programs.

While the market for scientific research in orbit is understood, the levels of demand for facilities in space among other potential users isn’t clear yet, Mr. Sherwood said. The group will try to find customers among media companies, manufacturers and space tourists, among others.

“It’s time to test these other markets,” Mr. Sherwood said.

Nanoracks Chief Executive Jeffrey Manber said he thinks there will be six to 10 space stations focused on different market niches in the coming years. “We know there is a market,” he said during a recent interview.

Starlab, the facility Nanoracks is developing with Lockheed Martin, will combine space hardware with Nanoracks’ expertise in operating a research park that can attract customers and make the facility successful, Mr. Manber said.

The companies behind StarLab expect that station, which will include a laboratory for scientific research and manufacturing uses, to begin initial operations by 2027.

SpaceX, Virgin Galactic and Blue Origin all demonstrated this summer that they are capable of putting billionaires into space. WSJ’s George Downs walks through what each company is offering to those who want to reach for the stars.

Write to Micah Maidenberg at

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Appeared in the October 26, 2021, print edition as ‘Bezos Joins Bet On Private Space Station.’